What is conventional financing?

What is conventional financing?

Conventional financing refers to any assets or liabilities that is being financed by conventional loan. Conventional loan is loan that is not accredited or insured by the federal government or the federal housing administration or any other government agencies. Loan can either come from agencies backed by Governments or it can also be conventional. Conventional loan requirements and their eligibility is described in details in last section.

There are some agencies like Federal housing administration that insures loan to the private homeowners or lenders. Some government back loans also give borrows with low income opportunity to get loans. Agencies like the United States Department of Agriculture through its direct loan gives borrowers with low income or very low income mortgages to build their houses.

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Conventional loan requirements are on the other hand has its loan from the conventional institutions sources. This conventional institutions are not guaranteed by the Government. The conventional home loans are not backed by either the USDA or the FHA (Federal Housing Administration) or the VA (Veterans Affairs) and example of this are the portfolio loans, jumbo loans, non-conforming loans, conforming loans and the subprime loan.

What is conventional financing?

The portfolio loans is a type of conventional loan in which they are held by the mortgage lenders on the books owned by them. This product usually have features different from other mortgages because it does not sell its mortgages to investors and also creates its own guidelines in which it can accepts debt or equity as a security. E.g. a lender of portfolio may give the opportunity of using debt and equity as a security for mortgage to borrowers.

Jumbo loans: The jumbo mortgages are the type of conventional loan that has the non-conforming loan to be larger and more than the loan limits which has been set by the government sponsored enterprises GSEs. Any type of the non-conforming loan are types of conventional loan.

READ: Owner financed homes

Non-conforming loans: The non-conforming home loan has its guidelines and rules not conforming to the government sponsored enterprises guidelines.

Conforming loan: This is a home loan that contains almost half of all the conventional loan and this is because it conforms and agrees with the guidelines laid down by the government sponsored enterprises, Fannie Mae (Federal National Mortgage Association) and Freddie Mac (Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation). These enterprises sells the mortgages bought from the lenders to the investors. Their initial role and purpose was to give many borrowers opportunity to have access to mortgages.

The subprime loan: This is giving or sold to individuals with low credit score from their credit report. Although the government created rules and regulations to cover the type of product in which these low credit scores borrowers of coming with high interest rate and high fees but they are conventional because they are not government backed.

Conventional loan requirements

The assets available: Many conventional institutions providing conventional loans require that bank statements and your account statements showing the funds you have to prove that you can make the down payment and the closing costs on the home and also if you have reserve. Assets value is an important parameter to verify conventional loan requirements.

Income statements: This shows your daily income or monthly income. The documents usually include the tax returns for two years, the quarterly statements of accounts and also your year to date income.

READ: How to owner finance a home?

Verification of employment: The conventional lenders will not want to lend money out to individuals without work because they need to be sure there is a source of income to make the down payments and also to pay the mortgages. To prove to them you an employed individual, you need to provide documents showing you have been employed by any corporation or you are government officials and if you are self-employed, you are required to bring proof of business owner like paperwork showing your income and about the business.


Many people with good credit score and have good financial stability are usually given the opportunity to have a conventional loan requirements but they are also some individuals who are also eligible for this.

  1. Individuals with credit score of at least 680 do have the eligibility to borrow money because the higher your credit score the lower your interest rate.
  2. Individuals that have the ability to make a down payment of at least 20% of the amount for the property out of pocket.
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Harish is the editor at howto Finance. Here we publish high quality trending news topics on Business, Finance, Loans and Credit-Cards etc. Our editorial includes worldwide topics.

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